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For the purpose of this ToolKit only evaluated practices and programs with the potential to be scalable were included. Scalability requires innovation that can flexibly adapt to effective use in a wide variety of contexts, across a spectrum of learners and educators. It must also be robust in order to retain effectiveness in settings that lack ideal conditions for success.

Innovative practices in ELCC included in this review have been evaluated either by academic institutions, government bodies, or by commercial and non-profit sponsors. The review includes studies subsequent to 1997, when Quebec implemented its landmark initiative, making child care accessible to the wider population at $5/day. This marked a turning point for child care in Canada and brought national attention to its benefits.

Read more about the methodology.

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