Funding innovations include the transfer of public funds to promote ELCC program quality, access or educator recruitment and retention.


The Canadian research that meets the criteria for inclusion in this ToolKit (see Methodology) for innovations in funding are included here. The strength of evidence can be explicated by the number of evaluations conducted (more studies for a particular innovation offer a greater understanding of the evidence) and the design of the evaluations available (e.g. RCTs offer causal conclusions where qualitative studies offer exploratory understanding). This ToolKit has summarized the findings by both policy outcomes and outcomes for children. Importantly, many of the Canadian ELCC innovations here have few studies supporting their effectiveness. This should not be mis-interpreted as evidence of ineffectiveness, but a need for further funding for research of Canadian ELCC innovations.

Policy Outcomes

Child Outcomes


# of Studies

Study Design

Evaluation Jurisdictions

*click map to enlarge

Indigenous People Explicitly Included in Studies



Canada Logo.png

Created by St. Mud Designs 2019